Close

endemic plants & biodiversity

Biodiversity

Biodiversity world hotspots hold at least
150.000
plants as endemic, representing a remarkable
50%
of the world’s vascular plant species

Among the
22.500
plant species found in the Mediterranean basin,
11.700
are endemic, a remarkable
50%

Endemic plant species are native species restricted to a particular geographic region, owing to factors such as isolation or in response to soil or climatic conditions.

Threats to
Plant species

The impact of humanity far outweighs natural threats to plants species, accounting for 81%
of threats to plants

The single greatest threat is conversion of natural habitats to agricultural use, directly impacting
33%
of threatened species

Habitat modification affects more than
80%
of globally threatened mammals, birds and plants

Over
4.000
assessed plant and animal species are threatened by agricultural intensification

IUCN Red
List

European Red List includes
1826
selected species of vascular plants native to Europe,
467
of which have been identified as threatened with extinction

The IUCN Red List contains over
17.600
plant species around the world


96
countries around the world have National Plant Red Lists

IUCN Red
List - World

The IUCN Red List status of plants around the world

  • Critically Endangered 4%
  • Endangered 7%
  • Vulnerable 9%
  • Near Threatened 8%
  • Least Concern 64%
  • Data Deficient 8%

IUCN Red
List - Europe

The IUCN Red List status of plants around in Europe

  • Extinct 0.3%
  • Extinct in
    the Wild
    0.3%
  • Critically Endangered 11.9%
  • Endangered 17.2%
  • Vulnerable 15.8%
  • Near Threatened 9.5%
  • Least
    Concern
    24.6%
  • Data
    Deficient
    20.3%
Back