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plants

General
plants

The Plant List, a widely accessible working list of known plant species, developed and disseminated as a direct response to the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation of Convention of Biological Diversity includes
620
plant families,
16.167
plant genera and
298.900
accepted species names

There are more than
380.000
species of plants known to science

Every year some
2000
new plant species are described

Medicinal
plants

Approximately
50.000 to
70.000
species are used worldwide for their medicinal and aromatic properties


17.000
medicinal plant species are included in published pharmacopeias

Approximately
3.000
medicinal plant species are traded internationally

900
medicinal plant species are estimated to be commercially cultivated worldwide

According to the World Health Organization (WHO),
80%
of the world's people depend on traditional medicine for their primary health care needs

Traditional Chinese medicine alone uses over
5.000
medicinal plant species

Traditional medicines in India are based on
7.000
different medicinal plant species

Diet

Globally,
84%
of the human diet comes from plants

75% of the world’s food is generated from just
12
plant and
5
animal species

Presently, only about
30
crops provide
95%
of human food energy needs, four of which (rice, wheat, maize and potato) are responsible for more than
60%
of our energy intake

About
7.000
species of plants have been cultivated for consumption in human history

30.000
plant species are edible

Only
150
plant species play a significant part in human nutrition world-wide

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