Common and folk names
- • Highbush Blackberry
- • Alleghany Blackberry
Parts of Plants Used
Dark green= the most popular and common use
The Common Blackberry is a deciduous shrub growing to 3 metres in the Rosaceae family. It is most easily identified by its juicy, black, clustered berries and pinnately-compound leaves. The compound leaves are long and have 3 to 7 lance shaped, dark green leaflets with toothed margins and prickly petioles.
The flowers are produced in late spring and early summer on short racemes on the tips of the flowering laterals. Each flower is 2 to 3 cm in diameter with five white or pale pink petals. The juicy, berry-like fruit is dark purple to black and is arranged in a cone shape.
The shrub is native throughout Europe, northwestern Africa, temperate western and central Asia and North and South America. It grows best in dry prairie, woodland meadows and along streams and roadsides.
- Used to treat intestinal disorders
- Used to treat sore throats and mouth ulcers
- Used for boosting the immune system
- Used to maintain the digestive system
- Used to help in protecting the eyes
- Used to contribute to the building of strong bones”
- Used to produce new body cells and tissues
- Used to support treatment of wounds
• ingredient of desserts and baked goods
• syrups, jams and other preserves
• additive to cereals
• jellies and candies
• juices and smoothies
• young shoots used in salads
• tea blends
• dietary supplement in capsules
• leaf powder
• skin care products
• soaps and foaming bath creams
• seed oil
• berries make purple to dull blue dye
• twine making from fibre (made of stem)
• a pioneer species
- What distinguishes the blackberry from its raspberry relatives is that, when picked, the torus (stem) stays with the fruit, whereas the raspberry torus stays on the plant, leaving a hollow core on the fruit
- The usually black fruit is not a true berry. Botanically it is termed an aggregate fruit, composed of small drupelets
- The blackberry tends to be red during its unripe "green" phase, leading to an old expression that "blackberries are red when they're green"
- As there is forensic evidence from the Iron Age “Haraldskær Woman” that she consumed blackberries some 2500 years ago, it is reasonable to conclude that blackberries have been eaten by humans over thousands of years
- The berry is made up of lots of tiny, round berries stuck together (an aggregate fruit). Each tiny berry in the cluster has its own seed, so one animal eating one fruit spreads many seeds
- Blackberry shrubs are good nectar producers, yielding a medium to dark, fruity honey
- Blackberries rank highly among fruits for in vitro antioxidant strength. One report placed blackberry at the top of more than 1000 antioxidant foods consumed in the United States
- Blackberries are notable for their high nutritional contents of dietary fibre, vitamin C, vitamin K, and manganese. One cup of blackberries (144 g) contains half the daily recommended dose of vitamin C
- English folklore tells that you never eat blackberries after early autumn. Supposedly, when the Devil was kicked out of Heaven on October 11th, he landed, cursing and screaming, on a thorny blackberry bush and ever since, on the same day each year, he spits on the blackberries!
The blackberry is considered a symbol of envy, lowliness, and remorse. This is because its thorns can catch you, trip you up, and hold on to you