Common and folk names
- • Blowball
- • Lion's-tooth
- • Milk-witch
- • Yellow-gowan
- • Monks-head
Parts of Plants Used
Dark green= the most popular and common use
The Dandelion is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). It grows from generally unbranched taproots and produces one to more than ten stems of typically 5 to 40cm tall. The stems can be tinted purplish, are upright or lax, and produce flower heads. The leaves are 5 to 45cm long and 1 to 10 cm wide.
A plant has milky latex and all leaves are at the base. The bright yellow flower heads are borne on hollow stalks and the fruiting heads have a distinctive downy appearance.
The Dandelion is native to Eurasia and is now naturalised throughout North America, southern Africa, South America, New Zealand, Australia and India. It grows in temperate regions on lawns, at roadsides, on disturbed banks and shores of waterways and other areas with moist soils. Often considered a weed, dandelion is used for a variety of medicinal, food and other purposes.
- Used to increase appetite
- Used to stimulate sluggish digestion
- Used to increase urine production
- Used as a laxative, can increase bowel movements
- Used to purify the blood
- Used to supports treatment of rheumatic problems
- Used to benefit many functions of the liver
- Used as a tonic and stimulant
- Used for healthy function of the heart muscle
Used to maintain normal levels of cholesterol
• salads and soups
• flower fritters
• flower jam
• honey substitute syrup
• herbal tea
• root capsules
• herbal extract
• plant juice
• shampoos and soap
• cosmetic masks
• roots as non-caffeinated coffee substitute
• milky latex as a mosquito repellent
• yellow or green dye colours
- Dandelion is well known for its yellow flower heads that turn into round balls of silver tufted fruits that disperse in the wind called "blowballs" or "clocks"
- The name Dandelion is thought to originate from the French “dent-de-lion”, which refers to the toothed shape of the leaves
- It is also claimed that the name was invented by a 15th century surgeon, who compared the shape of the leaves to a lion's tooth, or dens leonis. Old timers called dandelion the "King of Weeds."
- To blow the seeds off a ripened head is to carry your thoughts to a loved one, near or far
- To dream of Dandelion was thought to bring ill fortune
- When a ripened dandelion head falls without the wind's help it is a sign of rain
- Dandelion is an ingredient in a number of traditional soft drinks, including the British made “Dandelion and Burdock” and American “Root Beer”
- The Dandelion is popular with children, with many games based around it, such as blowing the seeds off the “parachute ball” of the ripened head.
- Children’s games also include attaching the stems together to make longer sticks, due to the hollow stems being narrow at one end and wide at the other
- The Dandelion has become a popular design for tattoos, symbolising positive thinking