Common and folk names
- • Dog Rose
- • Wild Rose
- • Haggebutt
Parts of Plants Used
Dark green= the most popular and common use
The Dog Rose is a shrub in the Rosaceae family, 1 to 3 metres tall, with branches hanging down and sickle-shaped thorns. Its leaves are green, with odd pinnate, whilst the flowers have five petals, without fragrance glands on the bottom. Stems are smooth with 1 to 3 pink flowers, 5cm in diameter, each with a large amount of pollen, making them attractive to bees.
The Dog Rose has small, dry, one-seeded fruits, known as hips, usually red-to orange in colour, but may range from dark purple to black in some species.
The plant is native to Europe, northwest Africa and western Asia but is also found in temperate regions of both hemispheres, due to introductions. It is non-specific for water and soil and may grow on the worst permeable soils. It occurs in leafy forests, on their edges and in shrubberies. It is considered to be a common invasive shrub.
- Used as a strong antioxidant
- Used to boost the immune system
- Used to ease symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
- Used for its mild diuretic and laxative effects
- Used to treat colds and flu
- Used to relieve the symptoms of kidney disorders
- Used to ease stomach disorders
- Used to keep the skin elastic and nourished
- Used to assist with prevention of heart disease
- Used for blood purification
• filling for pies, cookies, pastries
• jams and syrups
• wines and schnapps
• herbal tea
• food supplements in capsules
• rosehip powder
• skin care cream and lotion
• seed oil
• ingredient of hair and hand products
• ingredient of soaps and bath products
- Rose hips contain 50% more vitamin C than oranges
- A handful of rose hips contains the same amount of vitamin C as sixty oranges
- Rose hip soup, "nyponsoppa", is especially popular in Sweden
- Rose hips can be used to make Palinka, a traditional Hungarian alcoholic beverage.
- Rose hips are the central ingredient of Cockta, the fruity-tasting national soft drink of Slovenia
- They have been used in cooking for centuries, since the 16th century in the United Kingdom, and they remain popular in European cookery to this day
- The word 'hips' comes from the Anglo-Saxon word hiope and 'Dog Rose' comes from dag meaning 'dagger'
- Dried and powdered rose hips are often fed to horses to improve the condition of their coats and hooves
- The fine hairs inside rose hips are often used to make “itching powder”, for pranks and practical jokes
- Rose hips are often fed to small pets, such as guinea pigs, rabbits and chinchillas, as an easy way to provide vitamin C.