Common and folk names
- • Bilberry
- • Whortleberry
- • Huckleberry
Parts of Plants Used
Dark green= the most popular and common use
The European Blueberry is a perennial flowering plant in the Ericaceae family with indigo-coloured berries. Blueberry is the shrub, usually erect, occasionally prostrate, and varying in size from 10cm to 4 metres. The shrub has a fruit which is a 5 to 16mm diameter berry with a crown at the top.
The berry is pale green at first, turning reddish-purple, and finally ripening to dark blue. Berries are covered in a protective coating of powdery epicuticular wax, colloquially knows as the "bloom". They have a sweet taste when mature, with variable acidity. Blueberry bushes bear fruit typically in the middle of the growing season.
The plant is found in Europe, including mountainous areas of Southern Europe, northern Asia and western North America. It prefers wet, acidic sandy soils, and tolerates partial shade. It grows favourably in pine, pine-spruce and mixed forests.
- Used to improve eyesight, especially night vision
- Used to maintain antioxidant defenses in the body
- Used to strengthen the central nervous system
- Used to boost cognitive and short-term memory function
- Used to ease cataracts and retinal disorders
- Used to alleviate mild constipation
- Used to ease upper respiratory tract infections
- Used to stabilise blood-sugar levels
- Used to support cardiovascular protection
- Used as an anti-inflammatory, hemorrhagic and detoxifying agent
• fillings for pies, muffins, pancakes
• jams, jellies, syrups
• smoothies, juice
• tea and wine
• capsules/softgels for improving eyesight
• capsules for antioxidant support
• dietary supplement pills
• leaf extract and powder
• fruit juice extract for brain health
• creams and lotions
• soaps and shower gels
• perfume oil
• detox firming peels and scrubs
• cleanser products
• colouring wine
• production of red food colouring
- Blueberries are one of the only natural foods that are truly blue in colour
- The pale, powder-like protective coating on the skin of blueberries is called "bloom"
- Wild blueberries contain more disease-fighting antioxidant than almost every other fruit or plant, second only to the small red bean.
- Early American colonists made grey paint by boiling blueberries in milk
- Blueberries are a favourite of the animal kingdom - bears love them and so do raccoons and cows
- There are approximately 3.200 wild blueberries in one kilogram and 1000 cultivated blueberries in a kilo
- Blueberries are the second most popular berries in the world, second only to strawberries
- The annual harvest of North American blueberries would cover a four lane highway from Chicago to New York if spread out in a single layer
- Blueberry leaves are actually 25 times higher in antioxidant properties than the fruit itself.